Sunday, May 23, 2010

Section 301.22 Schizotypal Personality Disorder APA-DSM-V

Individuals who match this personality disorder type have social deficits, marked by discomfort with and reduced capacity for interpersonal relationships; eccentricities of appearance and behavior, cognitave and perceptual distortions. They have few close friends or relationships. They are anxious in social situations (even when they have time to become familiar with the situation) feel like outcasts or outsiders, find it difficult to feel connected to others, and are suspicious of other's motivations, including their spouse, their colleagues and friends.
Individuals with this type are eccentric, odd or peculiar in appearance or manner (e.g. grooming , hygiene, posture and or eye contact is strange and unusual. Their speech may be vague, circumstantial, metaphorical, overelaborate, impoverished, overly concrete or stereotyped. Individuals with this type experience a limited or constricted range of emotions and are inhibited in their expressions of emotions. They may appear detached and indifferent to other's reactions, despite internal distress at being "set apart."
Odd beliefs influence their behavior such as belief in superstition, clairvoyance or telepathy. Their perception of relaity can become further impaired, often under stress when reasoning and perceptual processes become odd and idiosyncratic, ( e.g. they make seemingly arbitrary inferences, see hidden messages or special meanings in ordinary events) or quasi- psychotic, with symptoms such as pseudo-hallucinations, sensory illusions, over-valued ideas, mild paranoid ideation, or transient psychotic episodes.
Individuals with this personality disorder type are however able to "reality-test" psychotic like symptoms and can intellectually acknowledge that they are products of their own minds.

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